According to a report published by International peace research institute (SIPRI) India and China both has increased their nuclear warheads. This news is significant in the context of the recent face of between India and China in the Ladakh border. The report also stated that there is need to renew the START treaty between Russia and USA which is expiring on 2021, The discussion about a new treaty has made no progress since USA wants China to be part of the Nuclear arms reduction treaty which China has categorically denied. This news is related to the topic, Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora of GS 2. Details about treaty such as START and INF can be important for prelims whereas news as whole is important for mains for answering question related to India- China relation.