In February 2012 two Kerala Fishermen were shot dead by Italian Marines from Enrica Lexie. It came as a disappointment to India as an international arbitration court has ruled that India does not have jurisdiction to try the marines and were entitled to immunity as they were acting on behalf of a state. The PCA in Hague had found that both India and Italy had jurisdiction in the matter but concluded that the marines immunity precluded India’s jurisdiction. The article has highlighted key takeaways from PCA’s jurisdiction regarding the case. These takeaways should be lessons for India in the legal and diplomatic domains, that can be drawn from experience.